A comprehensive collection of clinical examination OSCE guides that include step-by-step images of key steps, video demonstrations and PDF mark schemes.
A comprehensive collection of OSCE guides to common clinical procedures, including step-by-step images of key steps, video demonstrations and PDF mark schemes.
A collection of communication skills guides, for common OSCE scenarios, including history taking and information giving.
A collection of data interpretation guides to help you learn how to interpret various laboratory and radiology investigations.
A comprehensive collection of medical revision notes that cover a broad range of clinical topics.
A collection of surgery revision notes covering key surgical topics.
A collection of anatomy notes covering the key anatomy concepts that medical students need to learn.
A collection of interactive medical and surgical clinical case scenarios to put your diagnostic and management skills to the test. Each clinical case scenario allows you to work through history taking, investigations, diagnosis and management.
A collection of free medical student quizzes to put your medical and surgical knowledge to the test! Check out our brand new medical MCQ quiz platform at https://geekyquiz.com.
If you'd like to support us and get something great in return, check out our PDF OSCE Checklist Booklet containing over 100 OSCE checklists in PDF format.
Table of Contents
Cord prolapse is defined as the umbilical cord descending below the fetal presenting part (usually head), through the cervix, in the presence of ruptured membranes.
The exact cause of cord prolapse varies in each pregnancy, however generally any factors associated with fetal malposition increase the risk as well as obstetric procedures, these can include: 1
History would typically involve a rupture of membranes (spontaneous or artificial) along with identification of any potential risk factors (as noted above).
Common clinical findings:
Less common findings:
This is an obstetric emergency as the umbilical cord will go into vasospasm and fetal hypoxia will occur if left untreated:
Birth hypoxia – neonatology team should be present at delivery and paired umbilical cord gases should be taken to assess fetal pH
Psychological trauma – due to the emergency nature of cord prolapse, the event should be explained to the mother after delivery