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Child development quiz

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Question 1
Around what weight is considered normal for a 1-year old?
A
15kg
B
Treble their birthweight
C
10kg
D
Double their birthweight
E
5kg
Question 1 Explanation: 
Average infant doubles weight by 5 months old, should be ~10kg by 1 year old.
Question 2
Which of the following should be avoided when weaning a child of 7 months?
A
Breastmilk
B
Meat-containing products
C
Honey
D
Formula milk
E
Wheat
Question 2 Explanation: 
Honey should be avoided before 12 months due to risk of infant botulism. Wheat is considered safe to try in weaning after 6 months.
Question 3
How is the seasonal flu vaccination usually administered in children aged 2 and 3?
A
Nasally
B
Rectally
C
Orally
D
SC injection
E
IM injection
Question 4
At what age should a child learn to hop on one leg?
A
2 years
B
5 years
C
4 years
D
6 years
E
3 years
Question 5
Which of the following sentences best describes 'meconium'?
A
A green stool.
B
The first stool after introduction of wheat.
C
The first stool passed by a child.
D
The first stool when a child has been fully weaned.
E
The first stool after introduction of feeds.
Question 6
Which of the following is an example of "Double-syllable babble" displayed by an infant around 9-12 months?
A
Ba-ma
B
Ba-ba
C
Ma-da
D
Ma-ba
E
Ba-da
Question 6 Explanation: 
Double syllable babble usually involves repetition of the same syllable.
Question 7
What is the cut-off for an acceptable weight loss in the first 7 days of life?
A
7%
B
5%
C
15%
D
10%
E
20%
Question 7 Explanation: 
>10% loss requires further follow-up/referral.
Question 8
Which of the following is usually the first sign of puberty in girls?
A
Growth of axillary hair
B
Growth of some pubic hair
C
Breast budding
D
Menarche
E
Growth spurt
Question 8 Explanation: 
Breast budding is the first pubertal sign in females, testicular enlargement is the parallel sign in males.
Question 9
What is the reference range for respiratory rate in a child aged 2-5?
A
10-15/min
B
30 - 40/min
C
20 - 30/min
D
15 - 20/min
Question 9 Explanation: 
Reference ranges for each baseline observation changes as the child grows. Age (years) Respiratory Rate <1 30-40 2-5 20-30 5-12 15-20 >12 12-16
Question 10
A resurgence in which hormone precipitates puberty?
A
LH
B
Oestrogen
C
FSH
D
GnRH
E
Testosterone
Question 11
In normal fine motor development, which of the following should occur first?
A
Tripod pencil grip
B
Copying a cross
C
Copying a circle
D
Drawing a square
E
Copying a triangle
Question 11 Explanation: 
Children tend to be able to copy a shape 6 months before they can draw it. The usual developmental order of drawing shapes is: line, circle, cross, square, triangle. Tripod pencil grip is a more mature grip, occurring between 4 and 6 years of age.
Question 12
At what age should a child develop a mature pincer grip?
A
6-9 months
B
2 years
C
9-12 months
D
3-6 months
E
12-18 months
Question 12 Explanation: 
Practically every textbook has a slightly different table of these things, but it is important to have an idea of the basics!
Question 13
At what age should a child be referred to a paediatrician if they have not begun to walk?
A
12 months
B
9 months
C
18 months
D
15 months
Question 13 Explanation: 
An infant usually begins to cruise furniture around 10-12 months and can walk alone by 15 months. If walking has not occurred by 18 months the toddler should see a paediatrician.
Question 14
How many hours per day does the average newborn sleep?
A
18 hours
B
8 hours
C
6 hours
D
12 hours
E
16 hours
Question 15
What is the definition of 'delayed puberty'?
A
Lack of onset of development of secondary sexual characteristics by age 13 in girls and 14 in boys.
B
Lack of onset of development of secondary sexual characteristics by age 14 in either sex.
C
Lack of onset of development of secondary sexual characteristics by age 12 in girls and 13 in boys.
D
Lack of onset of development of secondary sexual characteristics by age 14 in girls and 13 in boys.
E
Lack of onset of development of secondary sexual characteristics by age 14 in girls and 15 in boys.
Question 16
Which vaccinations are given as "Pre-school boosters" at around 3 years?
A
DTaP/IPV, MenC
B
DTaP/IPV, MMR, MenC
C
DTaP/IPV/HiB, MMR, MenC
D
DTaP/IPV/HiB, MMR
E
DTaP/IPV, MMR
Question 16 Explanation: 
At around 3 years 4 months the 4-in-1 DTaP/IPV is given, along with the second dose of MMR. For more information about the current vaccination schedule, please see: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/vaccinations/Pages/vaccination-schedule-age-checklist.aspx
Question 17
Around what age should a child be able to build a tower of three building blocks?
A
9 months
B
18 months
C
15 months
D
12 months
E
21 months
Question 17 Explanation: 
The average age for building a 3 block tower is 18 months. This increases to around 6 cubes by 2 years, and 9 cubes by 3 years.
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