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Cardiac pathology quiz
Chronic rheumatic valve disease
Acute rheumatic fever
Congestive heart failure
Hypotension, muffled heart sounds, increased jugular venous distension (JVD)
Tachycardia, dyspnoea, fever
Bradycardia, weakness in arms, diaphoresis
Hypertension, palpitations, chest pain
ST segment elevation
ST segment depression
Absent P waves
Prolonged PR interval
Coarctation of the aorta
Patent ductus arteriosus
Left sided heart failure
Chronic lung disease (Cor Pulmonale)
Aneurysm / Mural thrombus / Dressler syndrome
Cardiac tamponade / Shunt through the ventricular wall / Mitral insufficiency
Mitral valve prolapse
Right coronary artery (RCA)
Left anterior descending artery (LAD)
Left circumflex artery (LCA)
Posterior descending artery (PDA)
It occurs when a right to left shunt becomes left to right due to a build-up of pressure on the left side of the heart.
It is due to failure of the aorticopulmonary septum to spiral.
It is due to lack or aorticopulmonary septum formation.
An initial left to right shunt becomes right to left due to increased pulmonary blood flow and eventual right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH).
Chest pain that occurs with exertion and/or emotional stress
Severe and crushing chest pain (>20 mins)
Chest pain that occurs at rest
Foetal alcohol syndrome
Atrial septal defect (ASD), Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
Truncus arteriosus, Transposition of great vessels, Tricuspid atresia, Tetralogy of Fallot, Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR)
ASD, TAPVR, VSD
PDA, Truncus arteriosus, tetralogy of fallot
Coronary artery aneurysm
Red border around yellow pallor